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活动回顾 | 全球研究项目《可持续发展基础》课程走进深圳城中村及华侨城社区

  • 2019.11.12
  • 新闻
11月4日,人文社科学院的《全球可持续发展基础》课程开展体验式教学,将“城镇化与可持续发展”的课堂放进深圳的街道和社区中,讨论祖国改革开放前沿如何应对城市快速发展与提高可持续发展水平中的住房难题。

"握手楼"——水围

      在深圳大学建筑与城市规划学院陈义勇教授和人文社科学院党和苹老师的带领下,同学们首先参观了俗称“握手楼”的典型城中村——水围,了解到城中村由于为深圳一半以上人口提供大量廉价住房,为深圳经济奇迹实现提供了重要的推动作用。但面对城中村的消防、安全隐患,政府是就地改造还是推倒重建?

污水管

视频系统

      在由深圳农民开始的增加住房面积的过程中,城府的选择是一方面改善社区环境,比如几前完成的污水管道系统的建设及视频安全系统的安装;另一方面由政府和国企合作,改造现有建筑,比如我们参观的“柠盟人才公寓”。加装连廊、电梯和消防通道后,符合条件的新毕业生可以以每平米75元的价格成为租户。

“柠盟人才公寓”前合影

“柠檬人才公寓”

      政府除了改造由农民开始的住房提供运动,还直接设计、落实了20年前在全国都算新潮的宜居项目——华侨城。在华侨城生态广场及Loft商业街,不强求地面的绝对平整,在市中心保留了自然山体的走势,采用渗水材质,保持降水、地表水与地下水间的流动循环,全部采用本土植被。同时,社区内水池都是微小规模,不求大而壮观,多是雨水收集所成,只为改善局部循环。因为种种原因,使得华侨城成为深圳人民心目中两大品质最高的居住社区之一。

华侨城

      边走边谈,边问边答,不时辅以PPT展示,教授的耐心细致,同学的积极参与,使得本次教学与众不同。

学生感想

刘冠宏:

      在出发之前其实没想过field trip会那么有意思,甚至觉得长途跋涉到市区非常麻烦,回来还要写报告。

      不过从水围村狭窄的巷子、到柠檬公寓五颜六色的屋顶、再到华侨城的小桥流水人家,眼前是描绘深圳发展的一块小拼图,耳边是教授细致入微的讲解,我们都将自己代入到了城市规划的设计当中,争相和教授进行交流。晚饭的环节不仅仅是闲聊,也是在欢声笑语当中谈社会、谈发展。

      这次出行就像一次动态的课堂,给我们提供了一个平台,能够在实地之上的头脑风暴。

陈以清:

The trip we had yesterday was really interesting and helped us learn a lot about urban villages in Shenzhen. There is a funny name ‘handshake house’ for those houses in the urban villages. It means that people in the neighbor houses could shake their hands in the area between two houses. And it also conducted the biggest problem in the urban villages is the fire control problem because of the limited distance between two neighbors which became the barrier to the fire fighting truck. Even though nowadays the government has built up some fire fighting apparatus it still was the most concerned problem in the urban villages.

There are more than 1000 this kind of urban villages in Shenzhen. When we started to worry about how we should deal with this kind of issue we met the ‘Lemon talent apartment’. ‘Lemon talent apartment was from those urban villages which were rented and rebuilt by the government own companies to provide higher quality and security apartment to the young people who just graduated from college come to Shenzhen looking for a good job. Professor Chan told us that this might be one kind of the solution for the arrangement of the urban villages nowadays instead of the old way which we just destroy the old buildings and rebuild some news.

马文歆:

Nice day with SD group!

      这次field trip真的超级开心!党老师专门邀请了深圳大学的陈义勇教授带领我们切实感受了一下深圳的城中村,通过陈教授耐心细致的讲解,我们了解到了很多以前不曾关注过的问题,陈教授还带我们参观了改造之后的城中村——柠盟人才公寓,大家都非常向往毕业之后可以申请到这样的政府补贴的人才住房。然后陈教授带我们去了华侨城生态广场,那里真的太宜居了!是住宅、就业、娱乐、生态建设等等都应有尽有的一片区域,陈教授还给我们科普了一下这片区域的总设计师的设计故事,让我们在享受风景的同时又学习到了很多知识,晚上吃饭的时候,党老师让我们一一聊一聊关于reflective essay的想法,我提出了一个关于如何让柠檬人才公寓那样的人才住房普及的问题,因为我觉得这样的政策应该惠及每一个跟我情况差不多的年轻人,老师们针对我的问题提出了一个新的问题,你为什么想要这样的住房可以普及?因为事实是社会发展到现在形成了现在这样的局面,如果你觉得大城市的房价难以承担,可以选择离开。如果你希望每个人都住上政府补贴的房子,跟几十年前的中国一样,那么可能又要以贫困为代价。所以在中国普及政府补贴的人才住房是不现实的……我觉得老师的观点给了我很多启发和思考,我只是站在了自己的角度特别理想主义地提出应该普及这样的政策,而没有考虑现实可行性,这样的交谈也让我明白了自己思考问题时的片面性,受益匪浅!

Anyway,it's a really nice trip and I am looking forward to the next time!

Giuliano:

I really enjoyed seeing a new side of the city where life is more ordinary and common in Shenzhen, compared to the big modern shopping malls in the city center. The opportunity to get a tour through the urban villages and see from the inside with an Prof at hand to explain how those areas developed was very insightful. The trip made me realize how many problems arise with a city developing that fast and how difficult it is to try to keep up with this fast development. Especially from the view point of a local or central government.

Also very interesting was the effort from the city to attract young people to live in Shenzhen through the "Young Talent Housing Apartments" as an incentive to move to Shenzhen and work here. I did not think this would be necessary since the city is known for its good job opportunities, but apparently there is a short-come of affordable housing.

I am really glad that this field trip was organized, so that we could experience some new parts outside Longgang and get some first-hand information at the places we visited from local experts.

蔡齐:

      城中村里抬头仰望“咫尺见千里”的一方天地,CBD中尚存一息“清泉石上流”的静谧美好。在闹市中感受自然,在求知中规划未来,我想是这次field trip带给我最大的触动和意义,感谢此行!不虚此行!

Nam:

I think it is great that we had the field trip to the urban village as an addition to the conventional lectures. It was a very valuable experience to get out of the campus and look at sustainability issues from a real-world perspective. Especially as a student from abroad it was interesting to see the urban development of Shenzhen and modern China and learn first-hand about the challenges that come with it.

王伟帆:

      这次旅程让我对深圳未来的城市发展有了更深刻的认识。如何为来深务工者提供更安全、更有尊严而又负担得起的居住环境与服务,这是深圳未来的城市发展过程中亟待解决的问题,“柠盟人才公寓”模式是一次非常有意义的探索。

 

文案:党和苹老师

编辑:党和苹老师

摄影:人文社科学院全球可持续发展基础课程组

排版:刘芷萱(2018级理工学院,思廷书院)